If any part of the ear is painful or smells bad.If the skin in the ear canal looks reddened & inflamed.If there is a lot of wax.Or you can see anything ‘moving’ in the ear canal or new lumps or bumps you hadn’t noticed before, call the vet.
Look at your dog’s eyes you want them to be bright & clear with no signs of redness or running.Point their head towards a light & see how they react.If your dog squints or shies away, it could be the light is hurting their eyes.
A cold wet nose, this is not a true sign of dog health.What you are looking out for is their noses is a crust-free surface, no runny or thickened discharges or bleeding.Some dogs’ noses can change colour - from black to pink & back again, it's normal & nothing to worry about.
Bad breath can actually be a sign of a dog illness, such as digestive or kidney problem.
Plaque & tartare can hide a lot of problems. If the teeth are caked in plaque and tartare it is very possible that there is significant tooth decay underneath.
Stools should be passed without straining & should be a consistent brown colour with a solid texture. You shouldn’t see any blood or mucus (clear jelly) & any signs of incontinence should be taken seriously.
Your dogs nails should be smooth and fully formed, if you notice any broken or missing nails, or they are roughened & flake or break easily, get them looked at by your vet. Nails can be black or white.
Don’t forget to check your dog’s dewclaws too - you’ll find them on the inside of their leg just above the paw. Some dogs only have them on their front legs; some have them on all four while others don’t have any dewclaws at all.
As dogs get older their joints can get stiffer.If you spot signs of stiffness, make some changes to your dog’s lifestyle, such as small walks & speak to your vet about joint support & diet changes.
Healthy dogs’ skin can be pink or black, depending on the pigments. Spread their fur with your fingers & check for any crusting, itching, scaling, black or white spots and infected or hot & inflamed areas.
If your dog needs a change of diet, this needs to be done gradually over 7-10 days.Occasional eating & regurgitation of grass can be normal, but take notice of any vomiting, reluctance to eat or difficulty when trying to eat food. One person should be responsible for feeding.